About Type I and Type II Diabetes

The Two Types Of Diabetes and How They Differ

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There are two types of diabetes, which consists of Type I and Type II.  It is important to understand the distinction between the two and how both are treated.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease — the body’s immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. Type 1 diabetes is commonly found in children and/or adolescents, but may also occur in adults.  Symptoms usually start in childhood or young adulthood.  People often seek medical help, because they are seriously ill from sudden symptoms of high blood sugar.

With type 1 diabetes, there is almost always a complete deficiency of insulin.  As a result, the most common treatment is insulin injections, a lifestyle that consists of both diet and exercise and regular monitoring of blood glucose levels with the use of blood testing monitors.

Patients who have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes can continue to enjoy a normal life providing they continue with their treatment and take special care to follow their doctor’s instructions and/or recommendation.

The first symptoms of type 2 diabetes may not show up for many years, meaning the disease can ravage a person’s body without them realizing it. With type 2 diabetes, an individual’s insulin level is usually either normal or sometimes even elevated, but is not deficient.  This form of diabetes is believed to be more complicated than type 1, but ironically is thought to be easier to treat.

Usually the disease is discovered in adulthood, but an increasing number of children are being diagnosed with the disease.
Because insulin is still being produced inside the body, type 2 diabetes often goes undetected for years.  Symptoms are milder and may even be sporadic, which often reduces the level of concern.

The main problem with type 2 diabetes going unnoticed is the potential for serious complications, including renal failure and coronary artery disease. The initial treatment phase of type 2 diabetes will likely include a lifestyle adjustment to feature increased physical activity and a diet that is geared toward weight loss.  The next step, if necessary, will be medication and possibly insulin therapy if needed.

Both types of diabetes require that the patient maintain normal blood glucose levels in an effort to reduce the possibility of organ damage, including eyesight, kidney, blood circulation, etc.  In order for this to occur, patients must carefully monitor their food intake and make sure to participate in regular exercise, all the while continuing to monitor their blood glucose level.

Conventional medicine says there is no known cure for diabetes, however there are many health practitioners who have worked with a persons diet and nutrition and have claimed to reverse diabetes, so do your research.

A chronic disease that effects many, diabetes is best treated through patient education, nutrition, self awareness and long-term care.  In addition, patients are often urged to be aware of other symptoms that may indicate complications arising from diabetes.

Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Video

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Similarities between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

There are many differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes – namely how and why a person gets the disease.  But there are also similarities.  They include how the disease is treated and diabetic diets that are followed.

Both types of diabetes greatly increase a person’s risk for a range of serious complications.  Although monitoring and managing the disease can prevent complications, diabetes remains the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure.  It also continues to be a critical risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and foot or leg amputations.

Once diabetes is diagnosed it is no longer really a matter of why, but how to manage it.  Whether it is type 1 diabetes and enough insulin is not being produced or it is type 2 diabetes and the insulin that is being produced is not being utilized the solution is to provide more insulin to the body.

This is most commonly done with an insulin injection in the morning or spaced out over the course of the day with multiple injections.  That will be determined on the individual and their insulin needs – not which type of diabetes they have.

It used to be that type 1 diabetes was found in children or young adults under the age of 25 and type 2 diabetes was diagnosed in adults over the age of 40.  There have been many cases to the contrary proving that anyone may be at risk of being diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes – adults have been diagnosed with type 1 and young children have been found to have type 2 diabetes.

Whether it’s type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the big picture is all about preventing complications, mostly nerve and blood vessel damage.  For example, if you have either type of diabetes, you have the twice the risk of heart attack or heart disease than someone without the disease.  Other complications include eye problems, kidney disease, foot infections, skin infections, stroke, high blood pressure, cognitive decline, and high cholesterol.

The management of either type of diabetes is also dependent on a healthy diet and regular exercise.  By maintaining a healthy body weight and keeping active a person can reduce their insulin requirements and keep their blood sugars in a safe range (set by their doctor).

Despite the different reasons for having diabetes, the two types are very similar in other ways and the treatment plan that works does so for both. Another common trait they share is the complications that can arise to internal organs (especially the kidneys).

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The contents of this article are to be used for informational purposes only.  It should not be used in conjunction with, or in place of, professional medical advice relating to diabetes.

This article must not be used as a basis for diagnosing or treating diabetes, but rather an informational source designed to explain the difference between the two types.  For further information, a diagnosis or recommended treatment method for diabetes, individuals should consult a licensed physician.

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